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外语类〖PartIVTranslationThesubjectsinhisexperimentwere75collegestudents.Theyrepresented〗相关问答题
更新时间:2024-06-18 19:41:35

1、【题目】PartIVTranslation

Thesubjectsinhisexperimentwere75collegestudents.TheyrepresentedalllevelsofabilityinEnglish:beginning,intermediate,andnative-speakingstudents.(PassageTwo)

答案:

他的实验对象是75名大学生。他们的英语能力代表了各种水平层次:初始级、中级、以母语为英语。

解析:

暂无解析

1、【题目】Passage3

Questions11to15arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

TheideaofaspecialdaytohonormotherswasfirstputforwardinAmericain1907.twoyearslaterawoman,Mrs.JohnBruceDodd,inthestateofWashingtonproposedasimilardaytohonortheheadofthefamily—thefather.Hermotherdiedwhenshewasveryyoung,andherfatherbroughtherup.Shelovedherfatherverymuch.

InresponsetoMrs.Dodd’sideathatsameyear—1909,thestategovernorofWashingtonproclaimed(宣布)thethirdSundayinJuneFather’sDay.TheideawasofficiallyapprovedbyPresidentWoodrowWilsonin1916.in1924,PresidentCalvinCoolidgerecommendednationalobservanceoftheoccasion“toestablishmoreintimate(亲密)relationsbetweenfathersandtheirchildren,andtoimpressuponfathersthefullmeasureoftheirobligations.”TheredorwhiteroseisrecognizedastheofficialFather’sDayflower.

Father’sDaytooklongertoestablishonanationalscalethanMother’sDay,butastheideagrainedpopularity,tradesmenandmanufacturersbegantoseethecommercialpossibilities.Theyencouragedsonsanddaughterstohonortheirfatherswithsmallthank-youpresents,suchasatieorpairofsocks,aswellasbysendinggreetingcards.

DuringtheSecondWorldWar,AmericanservicemenstationedinBritainbegantorequestFather’sDaygreetingcardstosendhome.ThisgeneratedaresponsewithBritishcardpublishers.ThoughatfirsttheBritishpublicwasslowtoacceptthisratherartificialday,it’snowwellcelebratedinBritainonthethirdSundayinJuneinmuchthesamewayasinAmerica.

Father’sDayseemstobemuchlessimportantasoccasionthantheMother’sDay.Notmanyofthechildrenoffertheirfatherssomepresents.ButtheAmericanfathersstillthinktheyaremuchbetterfatedthanthefathersofmanyothercountries,whohavenotevenadayfortheirsakeinnameonly.

11.WhendidFather’sDayofficiallybegintohavenationalpopularity?

A.1907B.1909C.1916D.1924

12.WhofirststartedtheideaofholdingtheFather’sDay?

A.Mrs.JohnBruceDoddB.Mrs.JohnBruce’sMother

C.ThegovernmentofWashington.D.Somebusinessmen.

13.WhatflowerwillbepopularonFather’sDay?

A.LilyB.WaterLilyC.RedroseorwhiteroseD.Sunflower.

14.Whichstatementistrue,aaccordingtothispassage?

A.IttookevenlongerforMother’sDaytogainnationalpopularity.

B.ThebusinessmenhelpedtomakeFather’sDaypopular.

C.Father’sDayisonlycelebratedinAmerica.

D.Father’sDayisonlyatrickofthebusinessmentomakemoney.

15.WhatwasthefirstreactionoftheBritishpublishingtowardsFather’sDay?

A.Theythoughthighlyofitandaccepteditatonce.

B.Theyjustaccepteditatoncewithoutanyhesitation.

C.Theyjustthoughtitajoke.

D.Theythoughtitwastooartificialandtookalongtimetoaccept.

答案:

DACBD

解析:

暂无解析

1、【题目】PartVWriting

Directions:Inthispart,youarerequiredtowriteanessayaboutWhatMakesaGoodUniversity.Youshouldwriteatleast120wordsandbaseyourcompositionontheoutline(giveninChinese)below:

1、选择好的大学很重要;

2、在我看来,好的大学应该是……

答案:

What Makes a Good University

Everyone is cautious about choosing a good university to receive higher education because studying at a good university may be a turning point in your life and bring you a brilliant career in the future. But do you have a clear idea about what a good university is?

In my opinion, there are some critical factors contributing to a good university. First of all, the vital one lies in the motto and mission of a university. As Yale University’s mission is to train for public service, a good motto or mission lets a university and its students be able to reach something tangible and leads them to the way to success. Secondly, academic atmosphere is of great importance as well. A good university should have a great academic atmosphere so that its students are enthusiastic to involve themselves in a group brainstorming and learn from each other. What’s more, it’s also absolutely necessary to have excellent teaching staff and facilities. Learned tutors can give a had to smooth students’ road to success and students can take part in various interesting extracurricular activities with the help of well-equipped facilities. Only in this way can they achieve their well-rounded development.

解析:

暂无解析

1、【题目】PartIVTranslation

Asthesourceofaluminumisalmostinexhaustible,wecanexpectthatmoreandmoreuseswillbefoundforthisversatilemetal.(PassageTwo)

答案:

由于铝的资源几乎是无止境的,我们可预计对这种多用途的金属将会发挥越来越多的用途。

解析:

暂无解析

1、【题目】Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

Do you want to say what you think in a letter to the President of the United States? You’ll get a reply from him—written in ink, not typed—after only a few days.

The President gets about 4,000 letters every week. He answers everyone who writes to him on special Whites House paper. But he doesn’t need a lot of time for it. In fact, he only gives 20 minutes a week to look at his personal correspondence. He has the most modern secretary in the world to help him.

It’s computer, worth £ 800,000,which has its own rooms on the first floor of the White House. It has a bank of electronic pens which write like the President writes, in his favorite light blue ink. Each letter the President receives gets a number, according to the type of answer it needs. The pens then write the correct reply for it, according to the number. Each letter takes less than a second to write. A White House official said, “It’s not important that letters come from a computer. Each letter says what the President wants to say.”

1. for a reply from the President.

A. You have to wait a long time B. You only have to wait several days

C. You have to wait at least one month D. You only have to wait a few weeks

2. The reply from the President .

A. is always printed B. is always typed

C. is always written in ink D. is always written by himself

3. It takes the computer to write ten letters.

A. no more than ten seconds B. a little more than ten seconds

C. less than ten seconds D. at least one second

4. The computer can be described as .

A. expensive but efficient B. possessing a beautiful handwriting

C. heavy and inefficient D. the President’s most reliable secretary

5. It can be inferred from the passage that .

A. the President never reads any letters written to him by ordinary people

B. the President hires a very efficient secretary to deal with his correspondence

C. the President does not really care about the letters he receives every week

D. the President is assured that the computer express his views in the letters

答案:

BCCAD

解析:

暂无解析

1、【题目】Passage 2

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

There are two kinds of memory: shot-term and long-term. Information in long-term memory can be remembered at a later time when it is needed. The information may be kept for days or weeks. However, information over and over. The following experiment shows how short-term memory has been studied.

Henning studied how students who are learning English as a second language remember vocabulary. The subjects in his experiment were 75 college students. They represented all levels of ability in English: beginning, intermediate, and native-speaking students.

To begin, the subjects listened to a recording of a native speaker reading a paragraph in English. Following the recording, the subjects took a 15-question test to see which words they remembered, each question had four choices. The subjects had to circle the word they had heard in the recording. Some of the questions had four choices that sound alike. For example, weather, whether, wither, and wetter are four words that sound alike. Some of the questions had four choices that have the same meaning. Method, way, manner, and system would be four words with the same meaning. Finally the subjects took a language proficiency test.

Henning found that students with a lower proficiency in English made more of their mistakes on words that sound alike; students with a higher proficiency made more of their mistakes on words that have the same meaning. Henning’s results suggest that beginning students hold the sound of words in their short-term memory, and advanced students hold the meaning of words in their short-term memory.

6. Henning made the experiment in order to study .

A. how students remember English vocabulary by short-term memory

B. how students learn English vocabulary

C. how to develop students’ ability in English

D. how long information in short-term memory is kept

7. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Information in short-term memory is different from that in long-term memory.

B. Long-term memory can be achieved only by training.

C. It is easier to test short-term memory than long-term memory.

D. Henning gave a separate test on vocabulary to his students.

8. From Henning’s result we can see that .

A. beginners have difficulty distinguishing the pronunciation of words

B. advanced students remember words by their meaning

C. it is difficult to remember words that sound alike

D. it is difficult to remember words that have the same meaning

9. The word “subjects” in the passage means .

A. memory B. the theme of listening material

C. a branch of knowledge studied D. the students experimented on

答案:

AAADC

解析:

暂无解析

1、【题目】Part IV Translation

It would have been difficult for them to avoid the conclusion that the horse and mule population would decline rapidly. (Passage Four)

答案:

他们就难免得出这样的结论, 马和骡子的数量会迅速减少。

解析:

暂无解析

1、【题目】Part IV Translation

Yet cowboys liked their way of life. They lived in a wild and open country. They lived a life of adventure and freedom. (Passage Three)

答案:

尽管如此,牛仔们喜欢他们的生活方式。他们住在旷野中,过着自由、冒险的生活。

解析:

暂无解析

1、【题目】PartIVTranslation

Notmanyofthechildrenoffertheirfatherssomepresents.ButtheAmericanfathersstillthinktheyaremuchbetterfatedthanthefathersofmanyothercountries,whohavenotevenadayfortheirsakeinnameonly.(PassageThree)

答案:

不是很多孩子送给父亲礼物。但美国的父亲们仍然认为他们比在别的国家的父亲们幸运得多;因为在别的国家连一个名誉上的父亲节都没有。

解析:

暂无解析

1、【题目】Passage4

Questions16to20arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

Successfulinnovationshavedrivenmanyoldertechnologiestoextinctionandhaveresultedinhigherproductivity,greaterconsumptionofenergy,increaseddemandofrawmaterials,acceleratedflowofmaterialsthroughtheeconomyandincreasedquantitiesofmetalsandothersubstancesinuseeachperson.Thehistoryofindustrialdevelopmentaboundswithexamples.

In1870,horsesandmulesweretheprimesourceofpoweronU.S.farms.Onehorseormulewasrequiredtosupportfourhumanbeingsaratiothatremainedalmostconstantformanydecades.Atthattime,hadanationalcommissionbeenaskedtoforecastthepopulationfor1970,itsanswerprobablywouldhavedependedonwhetheritsconsultantswereofaneconomicortechnologicalturnofmind.Hadtheybeen“economists”,theywouldprobablyhaveprojectedthe1970horsesormulepopulationtobemorethan50million.Hadtheybeen“technologists”,theywouldhaverecognizedthatthepowerofsteamhadalreadybeenharnessedtoindustryandtolearnandoceantransport.Theywouldhaverecognizedfurtherthatitwouldbetheprimesourceofpoweronthefarm.Itwouldhavebeendifficultforthemtoavoidtheconclusionthatthehorseandmulepopulationwoulddeclinerapidly.

16.Accordingtothepassage,whatsuppliedmostofthepoweronU.S.farmsin1870?

A.AnimalsB.HumansC.EnginesD.Water

17.WhichofthefollowingisNOTmentionedbytheauthorasaconsequenceofnewtechnologicaldevelopments?

A.Oldertechnologiesdieaway.

B.ThequalityoflifeisImproved.

C.Overallproductivityincrease.

D.Morerawmaterialsbecomenecessary.

18.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethatby1870.

A.technologybegantobemoreeconomical

B.thesteamenginehadbeeninvented

C.theU.S.horsepopulationwasabout10million

D.anationalcommissionwasabout10million

19.Inthesecondparagraph,theauthorsuggeststhat“economists”would.

A.plantheeconomythroughyearlyforecasts

B.failtoconsidertheinfluenceoftechnologicalinnovation

C.valuetheeconomiccontributionoffarmanimals

D.consultthenationalcommissionontheeconomy

20.Whatistheauthor’sattitudetowardchangesbroughtonbytechnologicalinnovations?

A.Heisexcitedaboutthem.

B.Heacceptthemasnatural.

C.Heisdisturbedbythem.

D.Hequestionstheirusefulness.

答案:

ABDBB

解析:

暂无解析

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